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Friday, 13 March 2020

About Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) And Treatment

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)



About Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) And Treatment

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak in China.

The virus is now known as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Cases of COVID-19 have been reported in a growing number of countries, including the U.S. Public health groups, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), are monitoring the situation and posting updates on their websites. These groups have also issued recommendations for preventing and treating the illness.

Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of COVID-19 may appear two to 14 days after exposure and can include:

Fever
Cough
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
The severity of COVID-19 symptoms can range from very mild to severe. People who are older or have existing medical conditions, such as heart disease, may be at higher risk of serious illness. This is similar to what is seen with other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza.

When to see a doctor
Contact your doctor right away if you have COVID-19 symptoms and you've possibly been exposed to the virus. Tell your doctor if you've recently traveled internationally. Call your doctor ahead to tell him or her about your symptoms and recent travels and possible exposure before you go to your appointment.

Causes
It's unclear exactly how contagious the new coronavirus is. It appears to be spreading from person to person among those in close contact. It may be spread by respiratory droplets released when someone with the virus coughs or sneezes.

Risk factors
Risk factors for COVID-19 appear to include:

Recent travel from or residence in an area with ongoing spread of COVID-19 as determined by CDC or WHO
Close contact with someone who has COVID-19 — such as when a family member or health care worker takes care of an infected person
Prevention
Although there is no vaccine available to prevent infection with the new coronavirus, you can take steps to reduce your risk of infection. WHO and CDC recommend following the standard precautions for avoiding respiratory viruses:

Wash your hands often with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth if your hands aren't clean.
Avoid close contact with anyone who is sick.
Avoid sharing dishes, glasses, bedding and other household items if you're sick.
Clean and disinfect surfaces you often touch.
Stay home from work, school and public areas if you're sick.
CDC doesn't recommend that healthy people wear a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory illnesses, including COVID-19. Only wear a mask if a health care provider tells you to do so.

WHO also recommends that you:

Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat or animal organs.
Avoid contact with live animals and surfaces they may have touched if you're visiting live markets in areas that have recently had new coronavirus cases.
Travel
If you're planning to travel internationally, first check the CDC and WHO websites for updates and advice. Also look for any health advisories that may be in place where you plan to travel. You may also want to talk with your doctor if you have health conditions that make you more susceptible to respiratory infections and complications.

Coronavirus Cases Till now 145,634, 
Coronavirus death rate:5,436
Recovered: 72,529

Diagnosis
If you develop symptoms of COVID-19, contact your doctor. Tell him or her about any recent travels, especially international travel. Also let your doctor know if you've had close contact with anyone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19.

Your doctor may take samples, including a sample of saliva (sputum), a nasal swab and a throat swab, to send for testing.

Treatment
Currently, no antiviral medication is recommended to treat COVID-19. Treatment is directed at relieving symptoms and may include:

Pain relievers
Cough syrup or medication
Rest
Fluid intake
If your doctor thinks you can be treated at home, he or she may give you special instructions, such as to isolate yourself as much as possible from family while you're sick and to stay home for a period of time. If you're very ill, you may need to be treated in the hospital.

Preparing for your appointment
You may start by seeing your primary care doctor. Or you may be referred immediately to a doctor trained in treating infectious diseases. If you think you have COVID-19, tell your doctor or clinic before coming in. The doctor and medical team can then:

Contact infection prevention and control and public health officials
Prepare to move you to a room quickly
Have a mask ready for you
Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment.

What you can do
When you make the appointment, ask if there's anything you need to do in advance. Make a list of:

Your symptoms, including any that seem unrelated to the reason for your appointment
Your recent travels, including any international travels
Key personal information, including major stresses, recent life changes and family medical history
All medications, vitamins or other supplements you take, including the doses
Questions to ask your doctor
Take a family member or friend along, if possible, to help you remember the information you're given.

Some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

How likely is it that the new coronavirus is causing my symptoms?
What are other possible causes for my symptoms?
What tests do I need?
What course of action do you recommend?
Are there restrictions I need to follow?
Should I see a specialist?
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor is likely to ask you several questions, such as:

When did your symptoms begin?
Where have you traveled recently?
Who have you been in close contact with?
How severe are your symptoms?

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